Program: nuclear.exe, October 3, 2001 release. Output file nuclear.txt.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Commonly Available Declassified Data:

See Samuel
Glasstone, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1964,

& Glasstone
& Dolan, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1977.

ICBMS, USA ICBS, USSR

Atlas D/F 3 Megatons T-3 Megaton Range

Titan 1
4 Megatons SS-7 Saddler 5 Megatons

Titan 2 5-10 Megatons SS-8 Sasin 5 MT

Minuteman 1 1 Megaton SS-9 Scarp 20-35 MT

Minuteman 2 1-2 Megatons SS-11
1-2 MT

Minuteman 3 2x300 KT SS-13 Savage 1 MT

Scrag, orbital 30+ MT

Submarine-Launched SLBM Submarine-Launched SLBM

Polaris A1 0.7 MT SS-N-4
Sark Megaton Range

Polaris A2 800 KT SS-N-5 Serb Megaton Range

Polaris
A3 1 MT/3x200 KT SS-N-6 Sawfly Megaton Range

Posiedon 10x50 KT

Enter 1 to compute effects or 0 to exit:

THE EFFECTS OF THERMONUCLEAR WEAPONS, 5th edition, update 2000.

Commonly
Available Declassified Measures

1 Megaton = 1000 kilotons [KT]

Hiroshima Bomb & Bikini Atoll (1946) =
20.0 Kilotons

Enter floating-point bomb energy in kilotons:

FIREBALL EFFECTS: 20.000000 Kilotons = 0.020000 Megatons.

Estimated X-ray
fireball temp = 12.7447 million degrees Kelvin

= 0.8222 x the center of the
Sun [15.5 millon degrees Kelvin].

Fireball max light radius at 7700 K =
169.898415 meters.

Time of Maximum Light: t = 0.155808 sec, Blink reflex
0.15 sec.

Maximum Light pulse width = 0.311616 seconds.

Mean fireball
expansion velocity to max light = 1187.189 meters/sec.

Fireball airbust
breakaway radius = 111.127014 meters.

Max fireball airburst radius =
222.254029 meters

Max fireball surface burst radius = 293.265949 meters

-> 0.364532 miles in diameter.

Brighter than the sun [Tranmittance=1]
for r < 65.6114 km at max light.

Brighter than a thousand suns [T=1] for
r < 2.07 km at max light.

Area of Exposure = 13.52 square kilometers =
5.22 sq. miles.

BLASTWAVE EFFECTS: 20.000000 Kilotons = 0.020000 Megatons.

Overpressure
> 1 lb/sq.inch for r < 3.31 km.

Overpressure > 5 lb/sq.inch for r
< 1.16 km, winds > 160 mph.

Blast area = 1.629237 mi**2 = 4.218094
km**2 at 5 psi.

5 psi detstroys frame & brick houses, low concrete
survives.

Richter Scale Magnitude underground: 5.8109 < M < 6.0197.

Enter 1 to continue with OTHER MEASURES or 0 to stop:

OTHER MEASURES: 20.000000 Kilotons = 0.020000 Megatons.

uranium or
plutonium required > 2.500000 pounds [fission weapon]

deuterium required
> 0.769231 pounds [fusion weapon]

FISSION WEAPON: 20.000000 Kilotons, 56
grams U235/Kiloton.

Near-surface burst crater diameter = 352.87 ft, depth =
81.43 ft.

CraterVol= 4.0e+06 ft**3, outer diam= 705.75 ft, lip ht= 20.36 ft

Containment of underground blast if under 1228.23 ft of rock & dirt.

Radius of underground explosion underground cavity = 115.453 ft.

Energy
in blastwave for a burst below 100,000 feet = 10.000000 KT

Thermal radiation
energy, burst below 100,000 feet = 7.000000 KT

X-ray fireball radiation,
burst below 100,000 feet = 1.000000 KT

Fission product radiation, burst
below 100,000 feet = 3.000000 KT

High-Altitude burst > 100,000 ft,
thermal radiation > 10.000000 KT

Fission generations to release the
energy = 56.263515 generations.

Time to release the fission energy =
5.626352e-07 seconds

Time of 1st airburst thermal minimum = 0.011180 sec,
near breakaway.

Time of the maximum airburst temperature = 0.143108 seconds

Radius of the fireball at 1st thermal minimum =298.300862 feet

The
height of airburst that 1st minimizes fallout = 596.601723 feet.

h/h1 = d/d1
= t/t1 = W**[1/3] law: For altitude = 1357.209 feet

Blastwave arrival
14332.125 feet from ground zero t = 1.086e+01 sec.

Enter 1 for INITIAL BURST & FALLOUT radiation, or 0 to stop:

Gamma initial burst radiation at 1000 yards = 1.394668e+03 rads.

Neutron
initial burst radiation at 1000 yards = 5.000040e+03 rads.

Gamma initial
burst radiation at 2000 yards = 2.533323e+01 rads.

Neutron initial burst
radiation at 2000 yards = 2.600027e+01 rads.

20.0 KT fission weapon FALLOUT
isotope wt. = 2.5000 lb.

20.0 KT fission weapon initial FALLOUT
radioactivity

= 2.000000e+22 events/sec = 5.405405e+11 Curies.

FALLOUT
DOSE RATE: (3 ft above the plain) R(t)=R(1)/t**1.2 rads/hr.

If 1 KT yeild
per sq.mile, 2,900 rads/hour at t=1 hr. (idealized)

1,700 rads/hour at t=1.5
hr.

1,160 rads/hour at t=2 hr.

667 rads/hour at t=3 hr.

66.7
rads/hour at t=24 hr.

29.0 rad/hour at t=48 hr.

11.6 rad/hour at t=100
hr.

Total dose < 25 rads -> No observable effects in humans.

>
300 rads -> Hair falls out.

> 700 rads -> Usually fatal.

>
1000 rads -> Almost always fatal.

1MT benchmark: after .7 sec, fireball
440 feet across, increasing

to 7,200 ft. in 10 sec. Rising at 350 feet per
second, it cools

and stops radiating after 1 minute at an altitude of 4.5
miles.

After 50 sec and 12 miles, the blast wave has v = 1,150 ft/sec.

ENTER 1 to rerun the program or 0 to stop:

]nTHE EFFECTS OF THERMONUCLEAR WEAPONS, 5th edition, update 2001.

Program: nuclear.exe, October 3, 2001 release. Output file nuclear.txt.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Commonly Available Declassified Data:

See Samuel
Glasstone, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1964,

& Glasstone
& Dolan, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1977.

ICBMS, USA ICBS, USSR

Atlas D/F 3 Megatons T-3 Megaton Range

Titan 1
4 Megatons SS-7 Saddler 5 Megatons

Titan 2 5-10 Megatons SS-8 Sasin 5 MT

Minuteman 1 1 Megaton SS-9 Scarp 20-35 MT

Minuteman 2 1-2 Megatons SS-11
1-2 MT

Minuteman 3 2x300 KT SS-13 Savage 1 MT

Scrag, orbital 30+ MT

Submarine-Launched SLBM Submarine-Launched SLBM

Polaris A1 0.7 MT SS-N-4
Sark Megaton Range

Polaris A2 800 KT SS-N-5 Serb Megaton Range

Polaris
A3 1 MT/3x200 KT SS-N-6 Sawfly Megaton Range

Posiedon 10x50 KT

Enter 1 to compute effects or 0 to exit: EXIT, Output report file is nuclear.txt.