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THE EFFECTS OF THERMONUCLEAR WEAPONS, 5th edition, update 2001.
Program: nuclear.exe, October 3, 2001 release. Output file nuclear.txt.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Commonly Available Declassified Data:
See Samuel Glasstone, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1964,
& Glasstone & Dolan, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1977.

ICBMS, USA ICBS, USSR
Atlas D/F 3 Megatons T-3 Megaton Range
Titan 1 4 Megatons SS-7 Saddler 5 Megatons
Titan 2 5-10 Megatons SS-8 Sasin 5 MT
Minuteman 1 1 Megaton SS-9 Scarp 20-35 MT
Minuteman 2 1-2 Megatons SS-11 1-2 MT
Minuteman 3 2x300 KT SS-13 Savage 1 MT
Scrag, orbital 30+ MT

Submarine-Launched SLBM Submarine-Launched SLBM
Polaris A1 0.7 MT SS-N-4 Sark Megaton Range
Polaris A2 800 KT SS-N-5 Serb Megaton Range
Polaris A3 1 MT/3x200 KT SS-N-6 Sawfly Megaton Range
Posiedon 10x50 KT

Enter 1 to compute effects or 0 to exit:

THE EFFECTS OF THERMONUCLEAR WEAPONS, 5th edition, update 2000.
Commonly Available Declassified Measures

1 Megaton = 1000 kilotons [KT]
Hiroshima Bomb & Bikini Atoll (1946) = 20.0 Kilotons
Enter floating-point bomb energy in kilotons:

FIREBALL EFFECTS: 20.000000 Kilotons = 0.020000 Megatons.
Estimated X-ray fireball temp = 12.7447 million degrees Kelvin
= 0.8222 x the center of the Sun [15.5 millon degrees Kelvin].
Fireball max light radius at 7700 K = 169.898415 meters.
Time of Maximum Light: t = 0.155808 sec, Blink reflex 0.15 sec.
Maximum Light pulse width = 0.311616 seconds.
Mean fireball expansion velocity to max light = 1187.189 meters/sec.
Fireball airbust breakaway radius = 111.127014 meters.
Max fireball airburst radius = 222.254029 meters
Max fireball surface burst radius = 293.265949 meters
-> 0.364532 miles in diameter.
Brighter than the sun [Tranmittance=1] for r < 65.6114 km at max light.
Brighter than a thousand suns [T=1] for r < 2.07 km at max light.
Area of Exposure = 13.52 square kilometers = 5.22 sq. miles.

BLASTWAVE EFFECTS: 20.000000 Kilotons = 0.020000 Megatons.
Overpressure > 1 lb/sq.inch for r < 3.31 km.
Overpressure > 5 lb/sq.inch for r < 1.16 km, winds > 160 mph.
Blast area = 1.629237 mi**2 = 4.218094 km**2 at 5 psi.
5 psi detstroys frame & brick houses, low concrete survives.
Richter Scale Magnitude underground: 5.8109 < M < 6.0197.

Enter 1 to continue with OTHER MEASURES or 0 to stop:

OTHER MEASURES: 20.000000 Kilotons = 0.020000 Megatons.
uranium or plutonium required > 2.500000 pounds [fission weapon]
deuterium required > 0.769231 pounds [fusion weapon]
FISSION WEAPON: 20.000000 Kilotons, 56 grams U235/Kiloton.
Near-surface burst crater diameter = 352.87 ft, depth = 81.43 ft.
CraterVol= 4.0e+06 ft**3, outer diam= 705.75 ft, lip ht= 20.36 ft
Containment of underground blast if under 1228.23 ft of rock & dirt.
Radius of underground explosion underground cavity = 115.453 ft.
Energy in blastwave for a burst below 100,000 feet = 10.000000 KT
Thermal radiation energy, burst below 100,000 feet = 7.000000 KT
X-ray fireball radiation, burst below 100,000 feet = 1.000000 KT
Fission product radiation, burst below 100,000 feet = 3.000000 KT
High-Altitude burst > 100,000 ft, thermal radiation > 10.000000 KT
Fission generations to release the energy = 56.263515 generations.
Time to release the fission energy = 5.626352e-07 seconds
Time of 1st airburst thermal minimum = 0.011180 sec, near breakaway.
Time of the maximum airburst temperature = 0.143108 seconds
Radius of the fireball at 1st thermal minimum =298.300862 feet
The height of airburst that 1st minimizes fallout = 596.601723 feet.
h/h1 = d/d1 = t/t1 = W**[1/3] law: For altitude = 1357.209 feet
Blastwave arrival 14332.125 feet from ground zero t = 1.086e+01 sec.

Enter 1 for INITIAL BURST & FALLOUT radiation, or 0 to stop:
 
 

Gamma initial burst radiation at 1000 yards = 1.394668e+03 rads.
Neutron initial burst radiation at 1000 yards = 5.000040e+03 rads.
Gamma initial burst radiation at 2000 yards = 2.533323e+01 rads.
Neutron initial burst radiation at 2000 yards = 2.600027e+01 rads.
20.0 KT fission weapon FALLOUT isotope wt. = 2.5000 lb.
20.0 KT fission weapon initial FALLOUT radioactivity
= 2.000000e+22 events/sec = 5.405405e+11 Curies.
FALLOUT DOSE RATE: (3 ft above the plain) R(t)=R(1)/t**1.2 rads/hr.
If 1 KT yeild per sq.mile, 2,900 rads/hour at t=1 hr. (idealized)
1,700 rads/hour at t=1.5 hr.
1,160 rads/hour at t=2 hr.
667 rads/hour at t=3 hr.
66.7 rads/hour at t=24 hr.
29.0 rad/hour at t=48 hr.
11.6 rad/hour at t=100 hr.
Total dose < 25 rads -> No observable effects in humans.
> 300 rads -> Hair falls out.
> 700 rads -> Usually fatal.
> 1000 rads -> Almost always fatal.
1MT benchmark: after .7 sec, fireball 440 feet across, increasing
to 7,200 ft. in 10 sec. Rising at 350 feet per second, it cools
and stops radiating after 1 minute at an altitude of 4.5 miles.
After 50 sec and 12 miles, the blast wave has v = 1,150 ft/sec.
ENTER 1 to rerun the program or 0 to stop:
 

]nTHE EFFECTS OF THERMONUCLEAR WEAPONS, 5th edition, update 2001.
Program: nuclear.exe, October 3, 2001 release. Output file nuclear.txt.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Commonly Available Declassified Data:
See Samuel Glasstone, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1964,
& Glasstone & Dolan, THE EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, DOD/DOE, 1977.

ICBMS, USA ICBS, USSR
Atlas D/F 3 Megatons T-3 Megaton Range
Titan 1 4 Megatons SS-7 Saddler 5 Megatons
Titan 2 5-10 Megatons SS-8 Sasin 5 MT
Minuteman 1 1 Megaton SS-9 Scarp 20-35 MT
Minuteman 2 1-2 Megatons SS-11 1-2 MT
Minuteman 3 2x300 KT SS-13 Savage 1 MT
Scrag, orbital 30+ MT

Submarine-Launched SLBM Submarine-Launched SLBM
Polaris A1 0.7 MT SS-N-4 Sark Megaton Range
Polaris A2 800 KT SS-N-5 Serb Megaton Range
Polaris A3 1 MT/3x200 KT SS-N-6 Sawfly Megaton Range
Posiedon 10x50 KT

Enter 1 to compute effects or 0 to exit: EXIT, Output report file is nuclear.txt.